Scientific Visualization Studio NASA Released CGI Moon Kit for Free Download moon texture which contains different maps, such as a color and displacement map that visualizes topography through color. These color and elevation maps are designed for use in 3D rendering software.
The maps are created from data assembled by the Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera and laser altimeter instrument teams.
The displacement map (also known as a height map or elevation map) was taken directly from the latest (as of spring 2019) gridded data products of the Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter instrument team. LOLA data is archived on the Geosciences Node of the Planetary Data System. A small subset of the LOLA data stored there, the global cylindrical projections at 4, 16, and 64 pixels per degree, has been reformatted here as uncompressed TIFF files, in vertical units of either floating-point kilometers or 16-bit unsigned integer half-meters.
Within 3D animation software, an object like the Moon begins as a simple geometric shape, in this case, a sphere. Texture maps like the ones on this map are used to add detail to the 3d model. The color map tells the software how to paint the surface, and the displacement map tells it how to add the shape details that define the lunar terrain. Without them, the Moon model is just a smooth, monochrome ball. Although these maps are flat rectangles, the software understands them as maps of a spherical surface and knows how to warp them onto spherical geometry.