12 Principles of Animation of With Disney Studios Examples


The 12 Principles of Animation introduced In 1981 by leading Walt Disney animators Ollie Johnston and Frank Thomas in their book Illusion of life disney animation. The leading filmmakers from 1930 largely based on their work and provide additional realistic animation using the twelve principles of animation.
twelve principles of animation

12 Principles of Animation With Examples

These basic twelve Principles of animation were accustomed to guide production. About inventive discussions further to coach young animators higher and quicker. These 12 animation principles became one of the foundations of hand-drawn cartoon character animation.
By applying these principles to their work. These pioneering animators created several of the earliest animated feature films that became classics. These principles are largely concerning 5 things. Acting the performance, guiding the performance, representing reality.

 The new techniques and designs of 3d computer animation. computer animation. For more detailed information on the following subject check out The Animator’s Survival Kit

01. Squash and Stretch

Squash and Stretch

 Squash and stretch are the most important basic principles of animation. The purpose of that is to convey a way of weight and volume with the flexibility to drawn objects. It is often applied to easy objects, sort of a bouncing ball. Also a lot of advanced constructions, like the muscles of a human face.

 The most important aspect of this principle is that the size of an object does not change when squash or extended. If the length of a ball is stretched vertically, its breadth has to contract parallel also.

02. Anticipation


Anticipation helps to guide the audience’s eyes to wherever the Action is getting ready to occur. Also as motion holds is nice to say the surprise.

In computer animation, it will outline tuned to digital time editing tools like timesheets, timelines, and curves. Additional anticipation equals less suspense. Horror films, for instance, Switchback and forth from millions of anticipation to total surprise.

03. Staging


12 Principles of Animation Staging It is additionally well-known is concerning translating the mood and Intention of a scene into specific character positions and actions.
Staging the key frames the Character poses within the scene helps to outline the character of the action.

In 3d there is an excellent tool for visualizing and obstructing out the Staging before the first, secondary, and facial animation. There are several Staging techniques to inform the story visually concealing or revealing. The middle of interest and a sequence reaction of actions-reactions are a handful of them.

04. Straight Ahead Action& Pose to Pose Action


Straight Ahead and Pose to Pose Straight Ahead and Pose to pose to create the character moves and through the action. One step at a time till the action is finished.  Motion capture and dynamics simulations, even 3d rotoscoping, are clearly the straight-ahead techniques of computer animation.

Pose to pose to create the action of the scene. It became the quality animation technique as a result of it breaks down the animation into a series of clearly outlined key poses.

05.Follow Through Action& Overlapping Action


Follow Through and overlapping action are closely related techniques. That helps to create animation movement more realistically by more closely obeying the laws of physics by drawing frame by frame. The action multiple motions influence, blend and overlap the position of the character.

In 3d animation, lots of the common follow-through motions of vesture and hair. For instance, are often animated with dynamics simulations. That adds more dimension to create realistic movements.

The layers and channels in 3d animation package allow us to combine and blend. The different overlapping motions from different areas of the character.

06. Slow in and Slow Out


Slow in and slow out is one of the impotent principles in the 12 Principles of animation. It is often tuned with digital editing tools.

The animation speeds down at the beginning of the animation and thus considers the end of the action. While rushing in the middle of it. Motion can accelerate and can have a quick effect when simpler ideas occur during this process.

07. Arcs

Arcs 12 Principles of Animation

Arcs are placed a meager role in animation to animate the movements of characters. Arcs help bring the bacon a natural look as a result of most living creatures move in snaky methods. They never in absolutely straight lines.

The non-arc motion comes across as sinister, restricted, or robotic. In animation, we can use package constraints to force all or a number of the motion inside arcs.

08. Secondary Action


Secondary Action consists of the smaller motions that complement the dominant action. In 3d computer animation. We are able to profit from layers and channels for build-up completely different secondary motions. We can use different layers, for example, layer for hair, layer for the character’s hat, for the cape, and so on.

09. Timing and spacing


Timing refers to the number of drawings or frames for an action, which understands the speed of film action.  At a completely physical level, the proper time is obedient to the laws of physics.

For example, the weight of an object determines how it reacts as an inspiration. Timing is critical to the mood, emotion, and reaction of a character.


Exaggeration sometimes helps cartoon characters to deliver the essence of associate action. Lots of exaggerations are often achieved with squash and stretch.

We can use procedural techniques, motion ranges, and scripts to exaggerate motion. The intensity of an instant is often magnified with feature film photography and a piece of writing, not simply with performance.

11. Solid Drawing


This is a clear explanation of Solid Drawing for animated characters to bring life as mentioned in the 19th century. The burden of solid and accurate modeling character helps to convey depth and balance. It simplifies potential product issues due to its entirely shaped characters.

12. Appeal


The character appeal in a cartoon character is called Charisma is an actor. Appealing character is not necessarily sympathetic villains or demons are attractive. The main thing is that the character is real and interesting.

There are many tricks to play a good role with audiences lopsided or especially a babyface is preferable for preferred characters. The face does not have a complex or difficult appeal to readers. Which can be more precisely described in a pose composition, or ‘possession’ in character design.

Character Personality
Character temperament because it originally referred to as facilitates the emotional connection between character and audience. Characters must have a stimulating nature and have the transparent needs of their behavior and actions disconnected or cravings.

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